Linux Server, Vagrant

How to setup Local Linux Server with Vagrant

I’ll not go into every detail of why use Vagrant or Local Server. If you came to read this article, this means you already know what is it and why anyone should use it. If not, you can go ahead and find many articles explaining the use of Vagrant.
In very short Vagrant gives you the ability to create separated Virtual Machine inside your working machine. You can ssh and perform any action that you can on any server machine. You can install the different variant of Linux servers, use it and destroy anytime you want without any trace.

In this article, I’ll guide you to Up and Running Vagrant with Linux Ubuntu 16.04 distribution. I used macOS while writing this article but most of the step from this article should be same for any other operating system.

The following is the general procedure that I’ve adopted after learning the fundamentals and working through some experimentation. Follow these steps and you should be up and running without any issue.

  1. Install VirtualBox
  2. Install Vagrant
  3. Add Ubuntu Distribution
  4. Configure IP Address
  5. Run The VM

1. Install VirtualBox

Vagrant isn’t a stand-alone software which handles all the virtualization. To run itself it needs some help from VirtualBox behind the scene. To install VirtualBox, please head over to the download page and choose the latest stable version based on your operating system. The installation process should be same as installing other software on your operating system. For further help, you can read the manual on VirtualBox download page.

2. Install Vagrant

After you’ve successfully installed VirtualBox. Now you can go ahead and download Vagrant. If you’re running macOS you can easily install it using the DMG file that you downloaded from their website. Follow their instructions to install it on other OS.

3. Add Ubuntu Distribution

First, you should create a new directory for your VM. This is where your Vagrantfile will be stored. You should always create new folders for different VM.
Run the commands below to create a new project directory and initialize Ubuntu image on it.

mkdir new-vm
cd new-vm
vagrant init ubuntu/xenial64

4. Configure IP Address

Most likely you would want to install Apache, Ngnix or any kind of web server on your VM. Vagrant doesn’t provide any GUI where you can install browser and browse localhost instead it gives you a private IP address to use it inside your local network. You can use that IP in your working machine browser to access your web servers etc. Let’s configure it.

Open new-vm/Vagrantfile file in any text editor and look for private_network and uncomment the following line. You can change the IP address there if you want. But I’m keeping the default value 192.168.33.10 for simplicity. Save and close.

5. Run The VM

Now that we have initialized everything to run Linux inside our VM, we are ready the run the VM.

vagrant up

Now our VM is up and running in the background. You can ping the IP address to confirm.

ping 192.168.33.10

That’s it!! Now you can ssh and run any Ubuntu command inside your VM.

vagrant ssh
sudo apt-get update

Close SSH Connection

While you’re inside the Ubuntu VM, Run the command to disconnect SSH connection.

exit

Turn OF Your VM

vagrant halt

Destroy Your VM

Navigate to your project folder. For me it’s new-vm and now run the following command.

vagrant destroy

These are the fundamentals to use Vagrant. You can perform pretty much any task that you can inside any other Virtual Server.
Thanks for reading.

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About Robin

A learner who loves technology very much. Dreaming to become a programmer but also enjoying the life.
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